This wooden bust of Philip II of Macedon is the figurehead of the British Frigate Macedonian which was captured in 1812 by the United States Frigate United States. It forms part of the Macedonian monument at the US Naval Academy in Annapolis Maryland.
Philip II of Macedon (382–336 BC) was the king (basileus) of the kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings, the third son of King Amyntas III of Macedon, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. – Wikipedia
Capture of the Macedonian
The Frigate United States
Commodore Stephen Decatur, cruising between the Azores and Cape
Verde islands, on October 25, 1812, was sighted by the British Frigate
Captain John S. Garden, and the two ships joined action. A sanguinary
fight was maintained, when after two hours, the Macedonian losing
her mizzen mast and main top mast became unmanageable and with 104
casualties out of a total of 254, and many of her guns disabled
hauled down her colors.
Theodore Roosevelt published this map of the battle between the United States and the Macedonian.
October 25, 1812
Free Trade and No Impressment.
Decatur had the Macedonian jury-rigged and took her back to New London, arriving on the 4th of December. Macedonian would serve as the US Frigate Macedonian until 1828. A second USS Macedonian “re-built from the keel” of the original Macedonian was launched in 1836 and served in the US Civil War.
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