“As a child, Madeleine Albright and her family fled Prague twice, first at the outbreak of World War II and again after the 1948 communist-backed coup. They eventually settled in the United States, where Albright went on to earn a PhD from Columbia University's Department of Law and Government. In 1997, Albright was sworn in as Secretary of State, becoming the highest-ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government. Quick-witted and strong-willed, she faced political adversaries and negotiated complex treaties. She has even employed her collection of brooches as a form of diplomatic communication. In this portrait, she is shown wearing a dove-shaped pin, which was given to her by the widow of slain Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and which she chose to wear while engaging in Middle East peace negotiations.
Since leaving her position as Secretary of State, Albright has authored several texts on foreign policy and autobiographies. In 2012, she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.” – National Portrait Gallery